Instruction For Authors



The manuscripts submitted for publication must be previously unpublished research works written in Korean or English, which are not being considered for publication elsewhere. All the authors must have agreed to the submission and to the order of their names on the title page. They must also have agreed that the corresponding author may act on their behalf throughout the editorial review and publication process. The corresponding author is responsible for obtaining such agreement.

Research and publication ethics

Research published in Food Eng. Prog. must follow institutional, national, and international guidelines. For policies on research and publication ethics that are not stated in these instructions, the “Guidelines on Good Publication Practice (” can be applied.

- Authorship
An author is defined as one who has made a significant contribution to the overall design and execution of the experiments; therefore, Food Eng. Prog. deems all authors responsible for the entire paper. Assistants should not be listed as authors, but may be recognized in the Acknowledgements section.

- Originality
and Duplicate Publication All submitted manuscripts should be original and should not be submitted to other scientific journals for consideration while under Food Eng. Prog. review. No part of the accepted manuscript should be duplicated in other scientific journals without the permission of the Editorial Board. If duplicate publication related to the papers of this journal is detected, the authors will be announced in this journal, their institutes will be informed, and they will be penalized.

- Conflict of Interest Statement
Authors should disclose any conflicts of interest in the manuscript.

Editorial review and revision

All papers will be critically read by at least two anonymous reviewers, selected for their competence in the subject area of the paper. Acceptance of the paper will depend upon its scientific merit and suitability for the journal. A paper may be accepted in its original form or subject to revision. The reviewers' (and editor's) suggestions will be conveyed to the author, who will then have an opportunity to revise the paper. Manuscripts written by authors who are unsure of proper English usage should be checked by someone proficient in the English language before submission. Manuscripts failing to meet the standards or poorly written or formatted are editorially rejected without further review.


Galley proofs in PDF format for an accepted article will be sent by e-mail to the corresponding author for the correction of any printer's or editorial errors, not for addition of new material or revision of the text. Excessive alteration of an article is not allowed during galley proof reading. Significant changes to the article as accepted for publication will only be considered at this stage with permission from the Editor. The proofs should be corrected and mailed to the Editorial Office within 72 h.

Article processing charge

A page charge is effective for all manuscripts on original research. An invited review article is exempt from page charges, provided it is approved in advance by the Editor-in-Chief. The actual charge per printed page will be notified to the author along with the manuscript for galley proofs. The publication fee is KRW 70,000 per printed page plus KRW 40,000 as review fee.


Free reprint copies of the published article will not be provided to the corresponding author. Authors may purchase reprints by requesting when manuscript is accepted. An order form with prices will be sent with proofs to the corresponding author.


Korean Society for Food Engineering (KSFE) reserves the copyright of all papers published in Food Eng. Prog.

Contact information on inquiry

All inquiry on the submission of papers and publication process shall be made to the Executive Office of Korean Society for Food Engineering, Rm 4101 809gwan Chung-Ang University 4726 Seodong-daero, Daedeok-myeon, Anseong-si, Gyeonggi-do 17546, Korea. (Tel: +8231-670-4662, Fax: +81-31-676-9235, Email:


All authors of the submitted manuscript should be members of the KSFE for submission and consideration of manuscripts. Authors should submit their manuscript electronically by using online manuscript submission system available at The “date of receipt” that appears in the published paper will be the date when Editorial Office received the manuscript.


The format should be as a Microsoft Word document for the PC not MAC. Manuscripts must be typewritten, double-spaced with 2.5 cm margins on all corners in A4-sized papers (210×297 mm). Font type of Times New Roman with 12 pt is required. Manuscript should have page numbers with line numbering except title page and pages containing tables, figure legends, and figures. Each figure should be labeled with a figure number.


Manuscripts have three types; Research articles, Research notes, and Review articles

I. Research articles
Research articles are reports of original, scientifically sound research. Articles should be structured under the section headings Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion, Acknowledgments, and References. The standard length of a published article should be six printed page long including tables and figures, which is approximately the equivalent of a Word document of 12 A4 pages of double-spaced 12 pt Times New Roman font.

The organization shown below should be followed (in the order given):

Title page
The title page should include:
A concise and informative title
The name(s) of the author(s)
The affiliation(s) of the author(s)
A brief running title (not to exceed 10 words)
The name, affiliation, city with zip code, country, telephone and fax numbers with country code, e-mail address of the corresponding author.

Place an asterisk after the name of the corresponding author. The name and affiliation address for each author except the corresponding author should be indicated by superscript Arabic numbers (1, 2, 3, etc).

Abstract must be both informative and concise. The abstract should not contain any undefined abbreviations or unspecified references. All non-standard abbreviations must be defined. The overall length should not exceed 200 words.

Key words
This must be provided with 3 to 5 key words which can be used for indexing purposes. Please avoid general terms and abbreviations.

The Introduction presents the purpose of the studies reported and their relationship to earlier work in the field. It should not be a mini-review of the literature. Use only those references required to provide the most salient background to allow the readers to understand and evaluate the purpose and results of the present study without referring to previous publications on the topic.

Materials and Methods
The Materials and Methods section should be brief but include sufficient technical information to allow the experiments to be repeated by a qualified reader. Cite previously published procedures in References. Avoid describing routine or trivial matters. Suppliers of chemicals should only be given if these are not generally available or are in some way unusual or are crucial for success. Manufacturers of equipment are given with model name, manufacturer name, and country (for example; gas chromatography (14B, Shimadzu, Japan)).

The Results section should include the rationale or design of the experiments as well as the results of the experiments. Results can be presented in figures, tables, and text.

The Discussion section should focus on the significance of the results rather than a repetition of the Results section. The Results and Discus sion sections may be combined into one section.

Acknowledgments of financial support, technical assistance and so on are given in a separate paragraph.

References should be given in the text as Kim et al. (2009) or Boles & Shand (1998), or (Montero et al., 2000; Ardo, 2006); the first author with et al. is used for papers with three or more authors. Where necessary, papers are distinguished as Kim (2009a), (Ha et al., 2000a, b). When several references appear together in the text, cite them in chronological order, and alphabetically within years. The Reference list at the end of the paper, which should begin on a fresh page, is given in strict alphabetical order. Each reference should contain authors' names, with initials (in capitals), the year of publication, the title of the paper, the name of the journal in abbreviation, the volume and the page range. Titles of articles originally published in another language should be given in English translation. References to books should include the publisher and the town of publication, with editor(s) and volume and edition number where appropriate. Authors should refer to the most recent issue for the format of references. References to papers accepted for publication but not yet published should show the journal name and, if known, the probable year of publication, and state "(in press)". The following types of references are not valid for listing in the References section; unpublished data, personal communication, and manuscripts in preparation or submitted. Abbreviate journal names according to the ISI Journals database (available at References should take the following examples:

<Journal articles>
Jeong WH, Sin MK. 2000. The effect on rats serum lipid of treadmill exercise and green tea extracts intake with high fat diet. J. Korean Soc. Food Sci. Nutr. 29: 683-690.
Kim YS, Jo C, Choi GH, Lee KH. 2011. Changes of antioxidative components and activity of fermented tea during fermentation period. J. Korean Soc. Food Sci. Nutr. 40: 1073-1078.
Peter FS. 1975. The toxicology of nitrate, nitrite and N-nitroso compounds. J. Sci. Food Agric. 26: 1761-1770.

AOAC. 1990. Official Method of Analysis. Association of Official Analytical Chemists (No. 934.06), Arlington, VA, USA.
Bourne M. 2002. Food Texture and Viscosity: Concept and Measurement. Academic Press, London, UK, p. 96.
SAS Institute, Inc. 2002. SAS User's Guide. Statistical Analysis Systems Institute, Cary, NC, USA.
Singh RP, Anderson BA. 2004. The major types of food spoilage: an overview. In: Understanding and Measuring the Shelf-life of Food. Steele R, Alan T. (eds). CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, USA, pp. 3-23.

<Thesis, patents, proceedings>
Yoo SH. 2009. Studies on the production of cheese whey protein based hydrolysates and development of health beverage containing bioactive peptide. Ph.D. thesis, Konkuk Univ., Seoul, Korea.Amore Pacific. 2010. Method for manufacturing fermented green tea, and green tea therefrom. Korea patent NO. 100975199.
Han YJ, Cho Y, Lambert WE, Bragg CK. 1996. Image analysis procedure for evaluation of convolution characteristics of cotton fiber and their effects on fiber strength. In: Proceedings of 6th International Conference on Computers in Agriculture. June 11-14, Cancun, Mexico, pp. 785-794.
Rehkugler GE, Throop JA. 1985. Apple sorting with machine vision. ASAE Paper No. 85-3543. ASAE, St. Joseph, MI, USA.
Food and Drug Administration. Detection and quantitation of acrylamide in foods. Available from: http://cfsan. Accessed Dec. 27, 2003.

Figure legends
Figure legends should contain a brief description of the experiments so that the figure can be understood without reference to the body of the text. However, the legend should not repeat Materials and Methods or contain interpretive statements.

Figures should be provided separately from the main text. Use Arabic numerals to number all figures (e.g., Fig. 1, Fig. 2) according to their sequence in the text. The figure number must appear well outside the boundaries of the image itself. Multipart figures should be numbered in uppercase and bold font letters (A, B, C, etc) without parenthesis, both on the figure itself and in the figure legends. Note that figures may have to be reduced in size to fit the one-column (7.5 cm) or two-column (16 cm) space of the printed page, as determined by the journal designer. Blurred images will not be accepted.
Figures should be provided separately from the main text. Use Arabic numerals to number all figures (e.g., Fig. 1, Fig. 2) according to their sequence in the text. The figure number must appear well outside the boundaries of the image itself. Multipart figures should be numbered in uppercase and bold font letters (A, B, C, etc) without parenthesis, both on the figure itself and in the figure legends. Note that figures may have to be reduced in size to fit the one-column (7.5 cm) or two-column (16 cm) space of the printed page, as determined by the journal designer. Blurred images will not be accepted.
The author(s) will be required to pay for reproduction of color photographs. Any figures submitted in color will be reviewed and processed with the understanding that the figure will be published in color.

Tables should be typewritten, together with their title, separately from the main text and in an appropriate font size to preferably fit each table on a separate page at the end of text after the References. Their lay-out should be suitable for printing as either single column (7.5 cm) or double column (16 cm) width. Avoid vertical rulings (lines) and keep horizontal rulings to a minimum. Each table must be numbered with Arabic numerals (e.g., Table 1, Table 2). Place footnotes to tables below the table body and indicate them with superscript lowercase letters (a, b, c, etc), not symbols. Each column in a table must have a heading, and abbreviations, when necessary, should be defined in the footnotes.

II. Research notes
Research notes are short reports for the presentation of brief observation that have insufficient material to fulfill the structure of a full-length article. They are intended for reporting preliminary studies or brief studies of a descriptive nature. Notes should be arranged in the same way as Full-length research articles and the standard length of a published Note should be two printed page long including tables and figures.

III. Research reviews
Reviews articles provide an analysis of a scientific or applied field, which include all important findings and bring together reports from a number of sources. Review articles are normally invited by the Editors or the Editorial Board. Reviews should be structured under appropriate section such as Introduction, Main body, Conclusion, and References with no restriction in format. There is no length limitation for Reviews. Reviews are subjected to independent peer review, and the Editor-in-Chief may request changes, or decide not to proceed with publication.


Authors should consult a current issue for guidance. Always use Arabic numerals with units.
All abbreviations should be defined at their first use in the text only; do not repeat the definition of abbreviations thereafter. SI and metric units should be used whenever possible. Please always leave a space between the number and the unit except % and oC; e.g. 100 mM not 100mM.

If you use %, always state if this is v/v, w/v, v/w or w/w. Abbreviations are never made plural. Mixtures of solvents are given as chloroform/methanol (2:1, v/v) or methanol/water/acetic acid (60:35:5, by vol.). Followings are the example of unit style.